Collateral Consequences

Collateral consequences are consequences automatically imposed on a person at the time of conviction, even if the Court’s sentence does not explicitly outline the consequences. Collateral consequences can affect persons convicted of juvenile offenses, misdemeanors, felonies, and probation violations. Collateral consequences can affect educational or professional opportunities, housing, rights to firearms, public benefits, and employment. 

The National Inventory of Collateral Consequences of Conviction compiled the various collateral consequences by State, and then organized these by type. The website is solely for educational and informational purposes and does not constitute legal advice.

The “Collateral Consequences” brochure lists important areas of a defendant’s life that a criminal conviction can affect. The brochure functions as a quick checklist for defendants to review prior to consultation with defense counsel to discuss the collateral consequences of conviction but does not substitute for legal advice.